As a Service, a significant amount of energy to power our network of offices and fire stations. We recognise that the generation and consumption of energy has a significant impact on the environment, through the use of finite resources and the emission of greenhouse gases.
Below you'll find further details on our energy consumption and environmental emissions.
Electricity and Gas
Our electricity is supplied by a renewable energy provider and is monitored via a back-office portal with monthly monitoring spreadsheets. From this, energy consumption posters are circulated to Commands / Divisions to raise awareness of their consumption.
Gas consumption is monitored on a monthly basis through Automatic Meter Readers (AMRs) for all gas sites. The consumption is recorded and used to monitor performance and to highlight any significant increase or decrease in usage per Command.
|Energy||2019/2020 (kWh)||2020/2021 (kWh)|
As well as gas and electric consumption, the Service also has 7 heating oil tanks located over 5 sites. These are monitored by the use of Watchman technology transmitter units, which are fitted to the tank and warns when stocks are running low or if there may be an issue with the tank, such as a leak.
|Energy||2019/2020 (Litres)||2020/2021 (Litres)|
Our oil usage is higher in 2020/21 and is a result of the installation of a new heating system at the Earlswood site. It is understood that a high amount of Oil was used when the heating system was first installed.
Across the Service, all of the oil tanks are either double skinned or are held within a suitable bund. The integratory of which are checked annually during internal Environmental Station Audits or by external qualified engineers. Emergency procedures are in place in case of any spills by either stations or delivery drivers carrying out refills. Each oil tank location also has a spill kit on site to deal with any leaks or problems.
The Water Resources (Control of Pollution) (Oil Storage) Regulations 2016, also ensures further measures are in place to guarantee no oil is leaked to the surrounding environment.
In line with the Energy Performance of Buildings Regulations, we have placed Display Energy Certificates (DECs) in 23 of our buildings which qualify.
DECs are clearly displayed in any of the Service buildings which are accessed by Members of the Public, with a floor area over 250m2. These Certificates provide the Public with the energy performance of a building and assist us in identifying the least efficient buildings and prioritise improvement measures accordingly.
Most carbon emissions produced by the Service is measured annually to monitor our overall impact on the environment. We try to reduce our carbon emissions each year by raising awareness on energy consumption, carrying out environmental campaigns to reduce Station emissions, installing solar panels on Service buildings and using green technology in Stations where possible.
The figures used to calculate carbon emissions are taken from the DEFRA conversion factors published on their website. These carbon conversion factors change each year which is reflected in our monitoring.
The energy-related Carbon emissions (in tonnes) are recorded below.
Electricity conversion factors used for 2019/2020 is 0.2556 and 2020/21 is 0.23314
Gas conversion factors used for 2019/2020 is 0.18385 and 2020/21 is 0.18387
Oil conversion factor used for 2019/2020 is 0.24675 and2020/21 is 0.24666
We monitor our carbon emissions through monthly utility consumption figures and via annual monitoring of Scope 1 (Direct emissions) and 2 (Indirect emissions). The two scopes are explained further in the table below:
|Scope 1: All direct GHG Emissions from sources that are owned or controlled by the organisation||Scope 2: Indirect GHG emissions from consumption of purchased electricity, heat or steam|
|Combustion of fossil fuels for heating – gas or heavy oil||Purchased electricity, heat and steam generated up-stream from the organisation|
|Combustion of diesel used in the operation of fleet vehicles|
The purpose of separating the Greenhouse Gas emissions into Scopes is aimed at avoiding double counting of the Service’s emissions and can help organisations see what they can control directly compared to what emissions they can influence. (Scope 3)
Currently, we do not record Scope 3 emissions but processes are being developed to include an element of this into the next financial year monitoring and reporting.
The table below shows our emissions in tonnes CO2e per year (tonnes).
The Service currently has 7 locations with Solar PV panels installed, with the most recent being fitted to our Service Headquarters, Carmarthen and Earlswood Training sites.
- Aberystwyth Fire Station
- Amman Valley Fire Station
- Earlswood Training Facility
- Llanelli Fire Station
- Morriston Fire Station
- Service HQ, Carmarthen
- Whitland Fire Station
To date, the Solar PVs have generated the following figures since they were installed:
|April 2019 - March 2020||April 2020 – March 2021|
As illustrated in the table above, solar power is an immense source of directly useable energy. The transition towards a more renewable energy supply is economically viable for the Service. However, the Service will continue to utilise these year-on-year figures to monitor our energy performance to better understand our consumption.
2021/21, we generated more Units, however received a smaller payment. This is because, payment is received only for PV’s installed before 2019. From 2019, extra energy generated by the Service PV’s is returned direct to the grid to reduce our energy tariff. For further information, please contact a member of Estates Department.
We have approximately 330 vehicles in our fleet, including both operational and non-operational pool vehicles. Due to the vast rural landscape of the area of Wales in which we operate, and the nature of the Service, as an emergency responder, this can limit our options when it comes to transport for operational requirements.
Despite this, we have introduced a number of improvements to our fleet such as Hydrogen vehicles, Electric vehicles and Electric bikes. We continue to research all Ultra Low Emission Vehicle (ULEV) alternatives to fossil fuel and sustainable technology for our fleet and sit on a number of external ULEV groups throughout the Service area.
Government funding opportunities and funding from the Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV) has meant that sustainable improvements to our fleet and electric charging infrastructure can be achieved, such as electric vehicle charging points on Service Premises.
The table below shows the diesel used and the carbon emissions from the last 2 financial years. The following figures have been provided by the Fleet Engineering and Logistics Department.
Diesel usage and carbon emissions
The table below shows the diesel used and the carbon emissions from the last two financial years. The following figures have been provided by the Fleet Engineering and Logistics Department.
|Mileage||Accurate mileage readings are unattainable||
Tracked mileage – 568,720.8Annual Average Mileage for all vehicles – 1,600,500
Diesel (Litres) conversion factor used for 2019/2020 is 2.59411 and for 2020/2021 is 2.54603
The large decrease in the fleet statistics is because of several factors. Lower usage of vehicles due to the pandemic restrictions, the introduction of a number of ULEV vehicles throughout 2020/21 and the introduction of a new Spot Hire programme.
The annual mileage for all vehicles, as illustrated in the table above, captures the recorded mileage for all vehicles which are not tracked. This also covers Staff mileage, who use their own vehicles for business purposes.
Due to the restrictions posed on us by COVID-19, the Service worked effectively and efficiently to maintain core business activities via alternative practices. A good example of this, is the use of remote video inspections, which enabled the Business Fire Safety team to safely undertake virtual Fire Safety Audits of commercial premises, as opposed to the traditional face to face arrangement. This arrangement is now being expanded to form part of the Inspectors’ normal auditing targets.
Following a fleet review on the usage of pool vehicles in 2020, it was decided that a number of end-of-life pool vehicles would not be replaced, but instead a new Spot Hire programme would be established to allow for Staff to hire vehicles if needed. This would eliminate the issue of vehicles not being used for days or weeks and would ensure more efficient vehicle usage. This was to be introduced alongside the implementation of Electric Vehicles (EVs) into the pool fleet.
Business miles are calculated separately to our Fleet and can be found in the table below:
|Casual / Essential||191,539||129,650|
|(Essential users) Passenger Mileage||26,415||5,665|
Find out more about what we're doing to improve things on our Service Projects page.